Notes on the data: Premature mortality by sex - 0 to 74 years

Total deaths, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2016 to 2020

 

Policy context:  Deaths before 75 years of age are classified as ‘premature’. The upper age limit reflects current life expectancy of around 78 years for males and 83 year for females in OECD countries [1]. Australians who were born during the period 2018-2020 had a life expectancy of 81.2 years for males and 85.3 years for females, while at 75 years of age they could expect to live an average of an additional 12.7 years (males) or 14.6 years (females) [2].

Some 34.0% of deaths over the years 2016 to 2020 occurred before 75 years of age, although the proportion varies by sex and by cause, as shown here. Malignant neoplasms (cancer), the combined external causes of accidents, poisonings and violence, and diseases of the respiratory and circulatory systems were the main causes of premature death for Australians in this period [3]. Persons most likely to die prematurely include Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, single mothers, those earning low incomes, and those who were unemployed [4].

References

  1. OECD Data, Life Expectancy at birth. Available from: https://data.oecd.org/healthstat/life-expectancy-at-birth.htm.
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Life Tables, 2018-2020. Available from:https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/population/life-tables/latest-release: last accessed 23 March 2022.
  3. PHIDU (www.phidu.torrens.edu.au), based on Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System; 2016 to 2020.
  4. Glover J, Harris K, Tennant S. A social health atlas of Australia [second edition] - volume 1: Australia. Adelaide: PHIDU, The University of Adelaide; 1999.
 

Notes:  For deaths data released since 2007, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In general, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

However, data published here are from the following releases: 2016 and 2017, final; 2018, revised; and 2019 and 2020, preliminary.

 

Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area

 

Numerator:  All deaths of people aged 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2016 to 2020 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2020.

 

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