Housing experiences and suitability as determinants of health: Population patterns of housing and correlated health risk factors and outcomes
Adequate and affordable housing is an important determinant of health. This report explores the housing circumstances of different population groups, drawing on small area geographic data from the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, health surveys, income support payment datasets, and administrative health datasets (e.g., perinatal statistics, potentially preventable hospitalisations, mortality) to examine area-level associations between the housing circumstances of different population groups and between housing circumstances and health outcomes.
Certain population groups are overrepresented among those living in poor quality dwellings, in unaffordable housing, or in precarious tenure arrangements, and may therefore be at higher risk of housing-related health impacts. Data reveal differences in housing circumstances among people living with a disability, older people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter ‘Aboriginal’) people, older Aboriginal people, people born in predominantly non-English speaking countries, recent migrants from predominantly non-English speaking countries, families with children aged under 15 years, and single parent families. The housing circumstances of these different population groups also vary widely between states and territories.
By exploring national data about housing circumstances and health at small geographic area levels, this report provides an evidence base for understanding the many and diverse ways in which housing may influence—and be influenced by—health and health inequalities. In particular, data suggest that housing-related factors such as housing affordability may be an important mediator of the relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and health.
More key findings can be found here
Link to Housing Atlas report here
View the Housing Atlas
View Notes on the data
Authored by PHIDU