Indigenous Status Comparison: Social Health Atlas of Australia

Published: 2021

Introduction

The Indigenous Status Comparison: Social Health Atlas of Australia presents data on a range of population characteristics, including demography, socioeconomic status and some health-related aspects of the population. These data compares indicators between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous population in Australia.

Data are presented by the 408 Indigenous Areas, designed by the Australian Bureau of Statistics to facilitate the release of more detailed statistics for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Key Findings

Education

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were almost twice as likely as non-Indigenous people to have left school at Year 10 or below, or not to have gone to school; and were 20% less likely to be participating full-time in secondary school education at age 16.

Housing

  • More Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were living in crowded dwellings compared to non-Indigenous people at the 2016 Census, 10.0% compared to 3.5% respectively. The differential was most evident in Northern Territory (32.0% compared to 5.0%) and Western Australia (8.2% compared to 2.1%).

Labour force participation

  • In four out of five of the Indigenous Areas across Australia, unemployment rates among Indigenous people were at least twice the level of the non-Indigenous population; and were more than seven times higher in the Northern Territory.

Immunisation

  • Immunisation rates among Indigenous and non-Indigenous children were relatively consistent; marginally fewer 1 and 2 year old Indigenous children were immunised, however 3% more 5 year old Indigenous children were immunised.

Premature mortality

  • Premature deaths rates (0 to 64 years) were two and a half times higher among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than non-Indigenous people; 17% higher for deaths from cancer; more than three times higher for deaths from circulatory systems diseases; more than three and a half times higher for deaths from respiratory systems diseases; and more than two and a half times higher for deaths from external causes.

Hospital admissions

  • Admissions to hospital were 30% higher among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than non-Indigenous people; ranging from 26% higher among people aged 0 to 14 years to 59% higher among those aged 25 to 44 years. However, admissions were higher for non-Indigenous people aged 65 years and over. There was also considerable variation by principal diagnosis, where admissions were at least two and half times higher among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than non-Indigenous people for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (5.78 times higher), diabetes (3.61), chronic kidney disease (2.86), heart failure (2.75) and skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases (2.55).

Emergency department presentations

  • Emergency department presentation rates among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were more than double those for the non-Indigenous population, and almost three times higher for non-urgent presentations. Presentations for mental and behavioural disorders were almost four times higher (3.77 times), with rates around two and a half time higher for diseases of the digestive system (2.55 times) and diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (2.42 times).

View Indigenous Status Comparison: Social Health Atlas of Australia

Indigenous Status Comparison, Social Health Atlas of Australia: Maps

Indigenous Areas (IARE) Single map

The IARE Single Map presents all indicators for all areas allowing users to explore and understand patterns and trends for a range of datasets.

Indigenous Areas (IARE) Double map

The IARE Double Map enables users to select two different indicators to compare on two synchronised maps within the same view. The two indicators selected are also presented as a Scatterplot to assess potential correlations.

Indigenous Status Comparison, Social Health Atlas of Australia: Graphs

Monitoring inequality in Australia

The Inequality graphs present the Indigenous Status Comparison, Social Health Atlas of Australia indicators, where available, by Quintiles of Socioeconomic Disadvantage of Area, for Australia, States/ Territories, and the Capital cities and Rest of State/ Territory areas. For background information and an overview on interpreting the graphs, refer to the Inequality graphs: Introduction.

Graphs Australia NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT

Remoteness

The Remoteness Graphs present the Indigenous Status Comparison, Social Health Atlas of Australia indicators, where available, by Remoteness Area, for Australia and the State/ Territory areas (excluding ACT). For information on the Remoteness classes or interpreting the graphs, refer to the Remoteness graphs: Introduction.

Graphs Australia NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas NT

View Notes on the data

Authored by PHIDU