Notes on the data: Premature mortality by sex - 0 to 74 years

Deaths of females aged 0 to 74 years, 2016 to 2020

 

Policy context:  Deaths before 75 years of age are classified as ‘premature’. The upper age limit reflects current life expectancy of around 83 years in OECD countries [1]. Australian females who were born during the period 2018-2020 had a life expectancy of 85.3 years, while at 75 years of age they could expect to live an average of an additional 14.6 years [2].

Some 27.0% of all female deaths over the years 2016 to 2020 occurred before 75 years of age. This was two thirds of the proportion of male deaths occurring prematurely. As for males, the highest proportions of female deaths were recorded for suicide (91.8%) and road traffic injuries (80.3%), and the lowest for cerebrovascular disease (13.5%) [3]. Also, of note is the relatively high proportion of deaths from breast cancer which were premature (57.9%) [3]. Further details are here.

Females most likely to die prematurely included Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females; single mothers; those earning low incomes; and those who were unemployed [4].

References

  1. OECD Data, Life Expectancy at birth. Available from: https://data.oecd.org/healthstat/life-expectancy-at-birth.htm.
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Life Tables, 2018-2020. Available from:https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/population/life-tables/latest-release: last accessed 23 March 2022.
  3. PHIDU (www.phidu.torrens.edu.au), based on Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System; 2016 to 2020.
  4. Glover J, Harris K, Tennant S. A social health atlas of Australia [second edition] - volume 1: Australia. Adelaide: PHIDU, The University of Adelaide; 1999.
 

Notes:  For deaths data released since 2007, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In general, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

However, data published here are from the following releases: 2016 and 2017, final; 2018, revised; and 2019 and 2020, preliminary.

 

Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area

 

Numerator:  Deaths of females aged 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Female population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 females (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2016 to 2020 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2020.

 

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