Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years

Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2016 to 2020


Policy context:  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) limits airflow in the lungs and covers those long-term lung conditions which are characterised by shortness of breath, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema [1]. Whilst each condition can occur on its own, many people have a mixture of the two problems. COPD usually occurs in people who have smoked or continue to smoke cigarettes. Exposure to irritants like dust and fumes can also increase the risk of developing COPD; and there is also a rare genetic cause of COPD [2].

For 2016 to 2020, 31.4% of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were premature – details here.


  1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [Internet]. [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from:
  2. The Australian Lung Foundation. COPD [Internet] [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from:

Notes:  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: J40-44

For deaths data released since 2007, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In general, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites:

However, data published here are from the following releases: 2016 and 2017, final; 2018, revised; and 2019 and 2020, preliminary.


Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Quintiles within PHNs, and Remoteness Area


Numerator:  Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at ages 0 to 74 years


Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years


Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.


Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2016 to 2020 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2020.


© PHIDU, Torrens University Australia This content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Australia licence.