Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years
Deaths from circulatory system diseases, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2016 to 2020
Policy context: Circulatory system diseases encompass abnormalities of the heart and blood vessel system. They include cardiovascular diseases, such as heart disease and stroke, and hypertensive diseases . Circulatory system diseases can be genetic or acquired. The leading conditions contributing to circulatory system disease burden and mortality are hypertension (high blood pressure), stroke, and ischaemic heart disease (coronary heart disease). These diseases are mainly caused by a damaged blood supply to the heart, brain and/or limbs, and share a number of risk factors. Behavioural risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity and tobacco smoking, contribute significantly to the likelihood of developing a circulatory system disease . Modifiable biomedical factors include hypertension, high blood cholesterol, overweight and obesity, and depression. Certain related health conditions, particularly diabetes and chronic kidney disease, can also increase the risk of developing these diseases . Non-modifiable risk factors that can influence risk include, age, sex, family history, and ethnicity . Circulatory system diseases are also largely age-related. In 2017–18, 16.6% of Australians (or around 4.0 million people) reported having a disease of the circulatory system .
Circulatory system diseases (mainly from ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases, the first and third leading causes of death, respectively) remain Australia’s biggest killer, mostly because of the deaths caused among older people . They are also the second largest contributor to the burden of disease in Australia, after cancer . Within the Australian population, certain population groups are at increased risk for developing and dying from circulatory system diseases. These groups include Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, people of lower socioeconomic status, males over the age of 45 years, and males living in rural and remote areas .
For 2016 to 2020, over one fifth (23.0%) of deaths from circulatory system diseases were premature, 27.3% for ischaemic heart disease and 18.2% for cerebrovascular disease, although with over twice the proportion for males (32.0%) than females (13.9%) – details here.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 364.0.55.001 - National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18. Canberra: ABS; 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Causes of death, Australia. Available from: https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/health/causes-death/causes-death-australia/latest-release; last accessed 21 March 2022.
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Cardiovascular disease: Australian facts 2011. Canberra: AIHW; 2011.
- AIHW. Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease in Australia: current picture and trends since 1992. Bulletin no. 37. (AIHW Cat. no. AUS 74.) Canberra: AIHW; 2006.
Notes: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: I00-I99
For deaths data released since 2007, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In general, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.
However, data published here are from the following releases: 2016 and 2017, final; 2018, revised; and 2019 and 2020, preliminary.
Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area
Numerator: Deaths from circulatory system diseases at ages 0 to 74 years
Detail of analysis: Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.
Source: Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2016 to 2020 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2020.