Notes on the data: Youth mortality: Death of persons aged 15 to 24 years

Total deaths, persons aged 15 to 24 years, 2016 to 2020


Policy context:  In 2018 there were 1,134 deaths of persons aged 15 to 24 years, of which over two thirds (71.8%) were male.

The proportion of the youth population (15 to 24 years) who committed suicide over the period presented in the atlas (2015 to 2019), at 36.2%, is higher than in any other age group, with the proportion declining with age, to 29.5% in the 25 to 34 year age group and 17.4% in the 35 to 44 year age group.

Just over one third (37.8%) of male deaths and around 32.4% of female deaths between 15 and 24 years were from intentional self-harm (suicide). The next highest proportion for females was deaths as an occupant of a car injured in a transport accident (15.8%), with a higher proportion for males (20.7%).

The age-specific death rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory over the years 2014 to 2018 were 2.1 and 2.9 times higher than for non-Indigenous males and females, respectively. Note that this information is not available for Victoria, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory.


Notes:  For deaths data released since 2007, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In general, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process, see the following and related sites:

However, data published here are from the following releases: 2016 and 2017, final; 2018, revised; and 2019 and 2020, preliminary.


Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area


Numerator:  All deaths of people aged 15 to 24 years


Denominator:  Total population aged 15 to 24 years


Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 15 to 24 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.


Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2016 to 2020 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information system. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2016 to 30 June 2020.


© PHIDU, Torrens University Australia This content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Australia licence.