Notes on the data: Birthplace & Non-English-speaking residents

Australian-born population, 2021


Policy context:  At the Census in 2021, two thirds (65.3%) of the population gave Australia as their country of birth, consistent with the proportion in 2016, but down from almost three quarters (74%) at the 2011 Census. However, at recent Censuses, over a million Australians have not stated their birthplace. Therefore, their generation cannot be identified from Census data. In 2021 the 1.4 million people for whom the birthplace was not stated represented 5.3% of the population [1].


  1. Data for 2021 Census from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2021 Census of Population and Housing General community profile Australia Canberra ABS 2022. Available from:; accessed 25 August 2022. For earlier Censuses, data from PHIDU workbooks, available from: https://data from PHIDU

Notes:  In the data workbooks, the numerator excludes 5.3% of the population (this percentage varies across States/Territories) who did not provide their country of birth: however, these records are included in the denominator.


Geography:  Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Quintiles within PHNs, and Remoteness Area


Numerator:  People born in Australia


Denominator:  Total population


Detail of analysis:  Percent


Source:  Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Census of Population and Housing, August 2021.


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