Notes on the data: Birthplace & Non-English speaking residents

Australian-born population, 2016


Policy context:  At the Census in 2016, two thirds of the population gave Australia as their country of birth, down from almost three quarters (74%) at the 2011 Census [1]. However, in both 2011 and 2016, 1.6 million Australians did not state their birthplace [1]. Therefore, their generation cannot be identified from Census data.

Citizenship bestows rights and entitlements that allow for full participation in Australian society. People born in Australia may or may not gain Australian citizenship. Those born in Australia on or after 20 August 1986 become Australian citizens by birth if at least one parent is an Australian citizen or a permanent resident at the time of the person's birth. A child born in Australia to parents who are not permanent residents or Australian citizens acquires Australian citizenship automatically on his or her 10th birthday, provided the child is ordinarily resident in Australia. People born in Australia before 20 August 1986 became Australian citizens by birth, unless one parent was entitled to diplomatic privileges and immunities or was a consular officer of a foreign country [2].


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 2016 Census Community Profiles. Canberra: ABS; 2017 [accessed 8 August 2017]. Available from:
  2. Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP). Evidence of Australian citizenship - eligibility [Internet]. Canberra: DIBP; [date unknown]; [cited 2017 Nov 28]. Available from:

Geography:  Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area


Numerator:  People born in Australia


Denominator:  Total population


Detail of analysis:  Percent


Source:  Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Census of Population and Housing, August 2016.


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