Notes on the data: Child and youth health - Infant mortality

Infant deaths, 2011 to 2015


Policy context:  The survival of infants in their first year of life is viewed as an indicator of general health and wellbeing of a population. Infant mortality refers to deaths of infants under one year of age, and is measured by the infant mortality rate (IMR), the rate of infant deaths per 1000 births in a calendar year. The IMR for Indigenous infants is significantly higher than that for non-Indigenous infants, indicating their overall poorer health and wellbeing and the levels of socioeconomic disadvantage of their families, much of which represent the legacy of colonisation, cultural dispossession, discriminatory policies and social exclusion.


Notes:  Data are not shown for areas where there were fewer than 20 births.

For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites:


Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintiles and Remoteness Areas

Numerator:  Deaths that occurred before 12 months of age


Denominator:  All births


Detail of analysis:  Infant death rate per 1,000 live births


Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2011 to 2015 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The births data for 2010 to 2014 were compiled from the ABS National Regional Profile, 2010-14 (ABS Cat. no. 1379.0.55.001).


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