Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years

Deaths from suicide and self-inflicted injuries, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2010 to 2014


Policy context:  There were 22,526 suicide deaths registered in Australia over the ten years between 2001 and 2010. Suicide accounted for 1.7% of the 1,357,537 deaths due to all causes which occurred over this period [1]. The age-standardised suicide rate in 2010 was 10.5 deaths per 100,000 population, a decrease from the 12.7 deaths per 100,000 population recorded in 2001. Males were between 3 and 4 times more likely to die from suicide than females across the 2001-2010 period [1]. However, the distribution of suicide deaths across age groups was similar for both males and females, with half of all suicide deaths for males occurring between 33 and 57 years of age, while half of all female suicide deaths occurred between 31 and 56 years of age [1]. Suicide accounts for a large proportion of all deaths of people between 15 and 24 years of age, and 25 and 34 years of age.

Suicide is a major public health issue. Although death by suicide is relatively uncommon (approximately 1.6% of all deaths), the human costs are substantial and can impact broadly across communities. As such, suicide prevention is a key focus for both government agencies and non-government organisations [1].


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Suicides, Australia, 2010. (ABS Cat. no. 3309.0). Canberra: ABS; 2012.

Notes:  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: X60-X84, Y87.0

For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year's data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites:


Numerator:  Deaths from suicide and self-inflicted injuries at ages 0 to 74 years


Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years


Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.


Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2010 to 2014 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2010 to 30 June 2014.


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