Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years

Deaths from endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Deaths from diabetes, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2011 to 2015

 

Policy context:  Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. Diabetes requires daily self care and, if complications develop, can have a significant impact on quality of life and can reduce life expectancy. The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes: type 2 diabetes, as described below, is one of the major consequences of the obesity epidemic. The combination of massive changes to diet and the food supply, combined with massive changes to physical activity with more sedentary work and less activity, means most populations are seeing more type 2 diabetes.[1]

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and others who are socioeconomically disadvantaged are at higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus and have much greater hospitalisation and death rates from diabetes than other Australians.[2] Between 2001 and 2010, the death rate from diabetes-related causes fell from:

  • 33 to 28 deaths per 100,000 population among people living in major cities.
  • 36 to 32 deaths per 100,000 population among people living in inner regional areas.
  • 45 to 43 deaths per 100,000 population among people living in outer regional, remote and very remote areas [3].

The data shows that for 2011-2015, about 30 percent of all deaths from diabetes was premature [4].

References

  1. Diabetes Australia, 2018, What is diabetes?, Available from: https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/what-is-diabetes/; Accessed 4 March 2019.
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Multiple causes of death. (AIHW Cat. no. AUS 159). Canberra: AIHW; 2012.
  3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Diabetes deaths - 2013 [Internet] (cited 2014 May 22). Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/diabetes-indicators/deaths/
  4. Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System; 2011-2015.
 

Notes:  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: E10-E14

For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

 

Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintiles and Remoteness Areas

Numerator:  Deaths from diabetes at ages 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2011 to 2015 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2011 to 30 June 20154.

 

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