Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years

Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2010 to 2014

 

Policy context:  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) limits airflow in the lungs and covers those long-term lung conditions which are characterised by shortness of breath, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema [1]. Whilst each condition can occur on its own, many people have a mixture of the two problems. COPD usually occurs in people who have smoked or continue to smoke cigarettes. Exposure to irritants like dust and fumes can also increase the risk of developing COPD; and there is also a rare genetic cause of COPD [2].

COPD is more common in any year than most common types of cancer, road traffic accidents, heart disease or diabetes; and the total economic impact of COPD is estimated to be $98.2 billion of which $8.8 billion is attributed to financial costs and $89.4 billion to the loss of wellbeing [3].

References

  1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [Internet]. [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/copd/
  2. The Australian Lung Foundation. COPD [Internet] [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://lungfoundation.com.au/patient-area/lung-diseases/copd/
  3. Access Economics. Economic impact of COPD and cost effective solutions [Internet]. Report produced for The Australian Lung Foundation; 2008 Oct. [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://www.rah.sa.gov.au/thoracic/health_programs/documents/EconomicImpactofCOPDandCostEffectiveSolution_000.pdf
 

Notes:  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: J40-44

For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

 

Numerator:  Deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at ages 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2010 to 2014 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2010 to 30 June 2014.

 

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