Notes on the data: Income support
Low income, welfare-dependent families (with children), June 2016
Policy context: Families either solely or largely dependent on government for their income have the least access to income and other resources, and are more likely to have lower achievements in education, experience housing stress, and have poorer physical and mental health . For children living in such families, there is an increased likelihood of limited opportunity and poorer outcomes in terms of wellbeing and learning .
- Barnett M. Economic disadvantage in complex family systems: expansion of family stress models. Clin Child Fam Psych Rev. 2008;11(3):145-61.
- Smart D, Sanson A, Baxter J, Edwards B, Hayes A. Home-to-school transitions for financially disadvantaged children. Sydney: The Smith Family; 2008.
Notes: Families included are those with children under 16 years of age and with incomes under $37,378 p.a. in receipt of the Family Tax Benefit (A) (whether receiving income support payments or not). These families would all receive the Family Tax Benefit (A) at the maximum level. The level of income used for these data was based on Poverty Lines: Australia, June Quarter 2016, respectively, which contains a weekly income for a single parent with two children, including housing costs. Poverty Lines: Australia is a quarterly newsletter that updates the Henderson Poverty Line as defined in the 1973 Commonwealth Commission of Inquiry into Poverty. Poverty lines are presented for a range of family sizes, in order to avoid the situation of poverty. The updated Poverty Lines take into account changes in the average income level of all Australians, reflecting the idea that poverty is relative.
Data cells with less than 5 counts were removed (confidentialised).
Numerator: Low income families receiving welfare payments from the Department of Human Services: families included are those with children under 16 years of age and with incomes under $37,378 p.a. in receipt of the Family Tax Benefit (A) (whether receiving income support payments or not)
Denominator: Total families
Detail of analysis: Per cent
Source: Compiled by PHIDU based on data from the Department of Social Services, June 2016; and the ABS Census 2011.