Notes on the data: Summary measure of disadvantage

Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage, 2011

 

Policy context:  The Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD) is one of four Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFAs) compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) after the Census of Population and Housing. The aim is to represent the socioeconomic status (SES) of Australian communities and identify areas of advantage and disadvantage. The IRSD scores each area by summarising attributes of the population, such as low income, low educational attainment, high unemployment and jobs in relatively unskilled occupations. It reflects the overall or average level of disadvantage of the population of an area. Being an average, the score is likely to reduce apparent differences between individuals in an area, and between areas: this is of particular importance for areas with larger populations.

The IRSD is a useful summary measure. However, if you are studying a particular population, then there may be more appropriate indicators. For example, if interested in children in disadvantaged families, you can use the indicator of the number of children in families where no parent has a job ('jobless' families); or the number of children in families where the mother is receiving welfare benefits at the maximum level, due to having no other income.

 

Notes:  The Index has a base of 1000 for Australia: scores above 1000 indicate relative lack of disadvantage and those below indicate relatively greater disadvantage.

For further information see the SEIFA information provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) or download the ABS Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), Australia, 2011 - ABS Technical paper. (ABS Cat. no. 2033.0.55.001).

Note: The 2011 IRSD differs from earlier IRSD releases in that the Indigenous variable has been removed - refer to the ABS Technical paper for further information.

 

Numerator:  Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage, derived by ABS from 2011 Census data

Note: The Local Government Area (LGA) data were re-produced from the ABS originals. Data for other geographic areas were constructed using population weighted averages, based on the published ABS SA2 data.

 

Denominator:  ..

 

Detail of analysis:  The Index has a base of 1000 for Australia: scores above 1000 indicate relative lack of disadvantage and those below indicate relatively greater disadvantage.

 

Source:  Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), 2011 data.

Note: The Local Government Area (LGA) data were re-produced from the ABS originals. Data for other geographic areas were constructed using population weighted averages, based on the published ABS SA2 data.

 

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