Notes on the data: Birthplace & Non-English speaking residents

Australian-born population, 2011


Policy context:  From the Census in 2011, it was estimated that almost three quarters (74%) of Australia's population were born in Australia. However, 1.6 million Australians did not state either their birthplace or their parents' birthplace [1]. Therefore, their generation cannot be identified from Census data.

Citizenship bestows rights and entitlements that allow for full participation in Australian society. People born in Australia may or may not gain Australian citizenship. Those born in Australia on or after 20 August 1986 become Australian citizens by birth if at least one parent is an Australian citizen or a permanent resident at the time of the person's birth. A child born in Australia to parents who are not permanent residents or Australian citizens acquires Australian citizenship automatically on his or her 10th birthday, provided the child is ordinarily resident in Australia. People born in Australia before 20 August 1986 became Australian citizens by birth, unless one parent was entitled to diplomatic privileges and immunities or was a consular officer of a foreign country [2].


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Cultural diversity in Australia - Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012-2013. (ABS cat. no. 2071.0). Canberra: ABS; 2012.
  2. Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). Citizenship: current citizens [Internet]. Canberra: DIAC; [date unknown]; [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from:

Numerator:  People born in Australia


Denominator:  Total population


Detail of analysis:  Per cent


Source:  Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Census 2011 data.


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