Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years

Deaths from cerebrovascular diseases, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2010 to 2014

 

Policy context:  Cerebrovascular diseases include any disorder of the blood vessels which supply the brain and its covering membranes [1]. Most cases of cerebrovascular death are due to stroke. Stroke occurs when a blood vessel to the brain is suddenly blocked (ischaemic stroke) or bleeds (haemorrhagic stroke) [1]. This may cause the part of the brain which was supplied by that vessel to be damaged or to die, leading to a loss of brain function and/or difficulty in movement, thinking and communication. Ischaemic strokes are more common but haemorrhagic strokes have a higher fatality rate [1]. Strokes can also be temporary where symptoms disappear within 24 hours (transient ischaemic attacks).

It has been estimated that one in six Australians will suffer a stroke in their lifetime; and in 2012, about 50,000 people suffered a new or recurrent stroke [2].

References

  1. Australia Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Australia's health 2010. (AIHW Cat. no. AUS 122). Canberra: AIHW; 2010.
  2. National Stroke Foundation (NSF). Facts and figures about stroke [Internet]. [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://strokefoundation.com.au/about-stroke/facts-and-figures-about-stroke
 

Notes:  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: I60-I69

For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

 

Numerator:  Deaths from cerebrovascular diseases at ages 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2010 to 2014 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2010 to 30 June 2014.

 

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