Notes on the data: Indigenous status
Aboriginal population as per cent of total population, 2016 ERP (non-ABS)
Policy context: In the 2011 Census of Population and Housing, 548,370 people (or 2.5% of the total Australian population) identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin. This represents an increase of 20.5% since the 2006 Census ; and reflects natural population increase (the excess of births over deaths) and other factors, including improvements in data collection methods especially in rural and remote areas and people newly identifying as Indigenous in the Census.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is considerably younger than the non-Indigenous population. In 2011, the median age for this population was 21 years, 16 years less than the national median age of 37 years . More than one in three (35.9%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were aged less than 15 years, while just 3.8% were aged 65 years and over. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is disadvantaged across all domains of wellbeing compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts .
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population predominantly lives in Australia's most populous areas, with about 60% living in major cities and inner regional areas, and just over 20% living in areas classified as 'remote' or 'very remote' in relation to having 'very little or very restricted access to goods and services and opportunities for social interaction' .
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Census of population and housing: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples - Australia (2011 and 2006) [Fact sheet]. Canberra: ABS; 2012.
- ABS. Census and population housing - Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2011 [Internet]. Canberra: ABS; 2012 May [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2075.0main+features32011
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: an overview, 2011. (AIHW Cat. no. IHW 42). Canberra: AIHW; 2011.
- ABS. [Internet] Media release, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population nearing 700,000; Canberra: ABS; 2013 Aug [cited 2013 Oct 18]. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/latestProducts/3238.0.55.001Media%20Release1June%202011
Notes: For more information about the estimated resident population (ERP) (non-ABS) developed by Prometheus Information on behalf of the Australian Government Department of Health, please refer to the Indigenous estimates information page.
Numerator: Estimated number of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, 2016 ERP (non-ABS)
Denominator: Total population, 2016 ERP (non-ABS)
Detail of analysis: Aboriginal population as a per cent of total population
Source: Compiled by PHIDU based on data developed by Prometheus Information Pty Ltd, under a contract with the Australian Government Department of Health.